Jiangsu Hengyang Environmental Protection Technology CO.LTD
Jiangsu Hengyang Automation Technology CO. LTD
Name: Zhonghua Fan
Phone:+86-0510-87300086 87300087 87655988
Address: Yixing city, jiangsu province new street xieqiao kechuang garden B5#
Time： 2020-04-18 10:29:27
Source: China environment daily, November 1, 2016
The Ministry of environmental protection issued a new deal today on how to link the approval of environmental assessment with the improvement of environmental quality. According to the requirements of the Ministry of environmental protection, the environmental impact assessment approval of new projects shall not exceed the ecological red line and the bottom line of environmental quality.
The Ministry of environmental protection today issued the notice on strengthening the management of environmental impact assessment with the improvement of environmental quality as the core (hereinafter referred to as the notice), which said that new projects in areas where the status quo of environmental quality exceeds the standard and areas that fail to meet the assessment requirements for environmental quality objectives will be limited. In addition, within the red line of ecological protection, industrial projects and mineral development projects are not allowed.
The circular points out that the red line of ecological protection is an area with special and important ecological functions within the scope of ecological space that must be strictly protected. The Ministry of Environmental Protection said that in addition to the important infrastructure projects such as railways, highways, waterways, flood control, pipelines, main canals, communications, power transmission and transformation, which are restricted by natural conditions and cannot be avoided, all kinds of development and construction activities should be strictly controlled within the red line of ecological protection, and the EIA documents for new industrial projects and mineral development projects should not be examined and approved according to law.
The Ministry of environmental protection stressed that the environmental quality baseline is the national and local environmental quality objectives of air, water and soil, and also the baseline for improving environmental quality. In response, the circular requires that relevant planning EIA should implement the management requirements of regional environmental quality objectives, put forward suggestions on the total amount control of regional or industrial pollutant emissions and Countermeasures to optimize the layout, structure and scale of regional or industrial development. According to the regional environmental quality objectives, the environmental impact of the project construction on the environmental quality shall be analyzed and predicted, and the pollution control measures and pollutant emission control requirements shall be strengthened.
At the same time, the EIA approval of the project should also be based on the online requirements for the utilization of resources, that is, the consumption of energy, water, land and other resources in each region is a "ceiling" that cannot be broken through.
According to the notice, on the basis of planning the list management pilot of EIA, the negative list of environmental access should be formulated from the aspects of layout and location, resource utilization efficiency, resource allocation, etc.
The Ministry of environmental protection proposed that the planning EIA and the construction project EIA should be linked. The project EIA that does not conform to the conclusions and review opinions of the planning EIA shall not be approved according to law. The notice emphasizes the establishment of linkage mechanism between project EIA approval and existing project environmental management. According to the notice, "for the area where the environmental capacity is close to or exceeds the carrying capacity due to the serious environmental pollution or ecological damage of the existing projects of the same type and the frequent occurrence of environmental violations, the examination and approval of the project environmental assessment documents of the same industry in the area shall be suspended according to law before the existing problems are rectified in place."
According to the requirements of the notice, the EIA approval of the project shall be linked with the regional environmental quality. "For areas with excessive environmental quality status, if the proposed measures of the project cannot meet the management requirements of regional environmental quality improvement objectives, the EIA documents shall not be approved in accordance with the law." According to the notice, in addition to livelihood projects and energy conservation and emission reduction projects, the examination and approval of the EIA documents for new projects in areas that fail to meet the assessment requirements for environmental quality objectives shall be suspended according to law. Strictly control the construction of non-ferrous metal smelting, petroleum processing, chemical industry, coking, electroplating, tanning and other projects in priority cultivated land areas.
According to the requirements of the Ministry of environmental protection, each environmental protection department should strengthen the cleaning up of "construction before approval" projects in accordance with the requirements of eliminating and closing a batch of projects, rectifying and standardizing a batch of projects, and improving the filing of a batch of projects, so as to ensure that the cleaning up work will be completed before December 31, 2016. From January 1, 2017, the "construction without approval" project shall be punished in strict accordance with the law. For projects that have been delayed for a long time, measures should be developed to solve them. For projects that cause serious environmental pollution or ecological damage, they should be investigated and dealt with according to law. For those that refuse to implement, they should be punished according to the law.
"Notice" clearly put forward to safeguard the environmental rights and interests of the masses. The Ministry of environmental protection requires to strengthen the supervision of the projects under construction and those already built, strictly investigate, punish and correct the illegal behaviors of the construction projects according to the law; the supervision and management information and punishment information of the environmental protection of the construction projects shall be made public in time, the punishment mechanism for the enterprises seriously dishonest in environmental protection shall be strengthened, and the environmental integrity archives and blacklist system of the construction units shall be established and improved.
At the same time, it is necessary to promote local governments and relevant departments to publicize relevant planning, project location and other information in accordance with the law, fully listen to public opinions in the early stage of the project, urge the construction unit to carry out public participation in accordance with the law, and instruct the construction unit to make corrections if the construction unit fails to solicit public opinions in accordance with the law in the environmental impact assessment of the project, or fails to explain the adoption of opinions in accordance with the law .
Beijing, October 31